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Old 09-17-2016, 08:34 PM   #13
OLChemist
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The genus Cucurbita of the gourd family Cucurbitaceae is native to the new World. Native farmers developed cultivars from 5 of the 13-30 accepted species. These plants, having become part of the Colombian exchange, are important food stuffs with 2.5 billion tons produced a year for consumption by humans and livestock.

Familiar C. pepo subspecies and cultivars include: acorn, cocozzelle, crookneck, patty pan, straightneck spagetti, and zuchini squashes; pumpkins; and ornamental and rattle gourds.

Familiar C. maxima subspecies and cultivars include: Arikara, Boston marrow, buttercup, candy rooster, hubbard, zapallito, Nanticoke, and Turk's turban squashes; jarrahdale and kabocha pumpkins.

Familiar C. argyrosperma subspecies and cultivars include: Cushaw pumpkin.

Familiar C. moschata subspecies and cultivars include: butternut, Canada crookneck, Tromboncino, Moscata di provenza and girmon squashes; and the much maligned Dickinson Pumpkin and Long Island cheese pumpkin.

C. moschata originated in Central or northern South America. It has a genetic resistance to disease and squash vine borer that makes its cultivars and subspecies attractive for commercial and organic farmers.

There is so much variety within a species and similarity between species, I can see where pumpkin vs squash might be a bit murky. But they are all tributes to the efforts of our ancestors.
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