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Old 08-28-2006, 02:17 AM   #33
powwowbum49
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Okay since DNA is being talked about...I have to chime in. As to my knowledge there are only two forms of DNA testing that I know of that could be used to track lineage. Both are based on genetic markers (mutations) in the DNA that are specific to certain groups of people based on migratory routes of people. You see, minute mutations in the genes occur on a regular basis and thus can be used to track population movements and backtrack origins and ancestors. One is male based and the other female. The only way for them to work correctly is for them to be passed from father to son or mother to daughter down the generations. If a woman has all sons or man has all daughters, then that genetic line stops cold for that parent and the other parents gene line takes over. With this, a full blood NDN can show the same genetic markers as a person that had a single native ancestor 11 generations back as long as the father/son, mother/daughter lines were unbroken. Also, if a full blood male married a nonnative and had a daughter, and that child married the same way and had a son...all the genetic markers for native populations would be gone from the child's genes even though the child may still look native. This is the reason geneticist look for isolated communities of people to do their DNA tests on to find the markers they use to track populations and migrations of people. To this point there is no genetic tests that could prove the above mentioned child was actually 1/4 native...maybe someday but not currently. So proving blood quantum by genetic testing is complete BS. It can show if you had a ancestor that was native, only if the lines were unbroken, but not how far back. That native ancestor might be one's parent but could also be their GGGGGGGG Great grandparent, either way the test would have the same result if the line were unbroken.

Next...why do the Metis have to be drawn into this. The Metis people are descendants of Anglo (mostly french and Scottish) fur traders and 'Northern' native women. Yes, they are mixed bloods but all mixed bloods should not and are not to be included with them and especially not people of southeastern, southwestern, eastern, southern plains or west coast tribal ancestry. The Metis' native ancestry comes from a specific geographic region. There is no such thing as 'Southern Metis' and the only thing the people that claim this are up against is the truth. I have no doubt that most of the people claiming 'Southern Metis' have some native ancestry, but latching onto the Metis name just because they know Metis are mixed blood is down right disrespectful to the true Metis. I am sorry that many of these folks do not know what to call themselves because they do not know what tribe their ancestor/s came from, but calling themselves Metis is wrong. The Metis became what they are because they formed their own communties and melded their various cultures to form a new one, they are a unique people among native tribes and should not be disrespected in such a manor.

There's my 2 lincolns
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PB49

"Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once we grow up." Pablo Picasso

"Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift...that is why is it called the Present." Master Oogway - KungFu Panda


My comments are based on what I have been taught and my experiences over the years I have been around the circle. They should in no way be taken as gospel truths and are merely my opinions or attempts at passing on what I have learned while still learning more.

Last edited by powwowbum49; 08-28-2006 at 02:24 AM..
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