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Historian 04-08-2009 03:47 PM

Fur Turban
 
There are many old photographs of certain Omaha-Ponca Hethuska or Osage Inlonshka members wearing a turban of otter fur, or a turban of red fox fur.

Dr. James Howard states,

“The otterskin hat, rather than the war bonnet, was the ‘chief’s’ headdress, while a similar headdress of fox fur marked the experienced warrior.”
(Howard, 1965, p. 66)

While in “The Omaha Tribe,” Fletcher and LaFlesche states,

“The peculiar headgear shown in plates 36 and 49 (otter fur turbans), was worn only by chiefs; it bore the name watha’ge, which was applied to all caps which fit the head.”
(Fletcher & LaFlesche, 1911, p. 354)

The red fox fur turban was usually narrow and plain, giving the appearance of a large headband and were sometimes worn in combination to the hair roach. Sometimes these small turbans were also made from otter fur as well, depending on the tribe.

In contrast, the highly decorated otter fur turbans however,

“...was a wide band of otter fur which encircled the head like a crown. The top was left open, and if a warrior wished he could place an eagle feather in his scalplock and let it stick up through the cap. The tail of the otter was attached to the rear of the cap in such a way as to hang down the warrior’s back. Sometimes the edges of the cap and tail were beaded, and a tuft of dyed horsehair was appended to the end of the tail. Four round beaded targets were also attached to the wide band of the cap for decoration.”“While some of the southern tribes wore a slight variation of the cap just described, the hat most unique to the southeast had a huge hide triangle, with beaded or painted (or ribbon appliqué) symbols on it, which extended out to the left or right side of the wide headband.”...“Such hats were worn by the Pawnee, Ponca, Osage and Oto warriors.”
(Mails, 1972, pp. 385-387)

As already stated, the otter fur turbans were worn only by the Ponca chiefs or sub-chiefs and,

“...a chief wore a downy eagle plume erect in a socket at the back of his otterskin hat.”
(Howard, 1965, p. 66)

Today, fur turbans are seldom seen among the Ponca Hethuska or the Osage Inlonshka members, though they seem to becoming more popular at pow-wows.

According to an article written by Norman Feder titled “Otter Fur Turbans,” and published in a 1960 issue of American Indian Tradition, other tribes besides the Ponca and Osage had otter fur turbans including the Sauk & Fox, Iowa, Otoe, Missouri, Kaw, Pawnee, Omaha, Comanche, Kiowa, Menomini, Potowatomi and Quapaw. (Feder, 1960, p. 4)

In addition, I have seen otter fur turbans used among some Southern Cheyenne, and Oklahoma Delaware as well.

Lastly, in reference to otter fur turbans, Alanson Skinner states,

“...the most valued variety is a fillet of dark otter fur. Not only does it present a handsome appearance, but the connection of the otter with the sacred rites and origin myth of the Medicine Dance society and it’s own supposed supernatural powers...”
(Skinner, 1921, p. 109)

It should be noted, that many tribes still follow traditions which are said to have certain guidelines associated with who is given the right to wear an otter fur turban, and what titles and obligations wearing one implies.

Some examples from the past:

http://www.littlecrowtradingpost.com/Ottercap.jpg

Osage
http://140.247.102.177/col/images/bi...2/45320080.jpg

Kiowa
http://www.nmai.si.edu/searchcollect...0x700.none.jpg

Ho Chunk
http://www.nmai.si.edu/searchcollect...09.700x700.jpg

Man Chief - Pawnee - 1858
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_01280a.jpg

The Chief Whom They Look Upon - Pawnee - no date
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_01308j.jpg

Eagle Chief - Pawnee - 1905
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_01307.jpg

Post Oak Jim (on right), and his brother – Comanche – 1895
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/xx3861.jpg

Andrew Perd-a-sof-py - Comanche - no date
http://photoswest.org/photos/10032126/10032224.jpg

Nau-Nooh - Comanche - 1910
http://photoswest.org/photos/10032126/10032189.jpg

Donald Big Cow and wife - Comanche - no date
http://photoswest.org/photos/10032126/10032209.jpg

Tuas-ye-ah, Quannah Parker's granddaughter, Alberta Clark, and Hunting Horse - Comanche - 1926
http://photoswest.org/photos/10032126/10032217.jpg

Sitting In The Saddle - Kiowa - 1867
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/3912c/01163800.jpg

Sitting In The Saddle - Kiowa - no date
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/3912b/01627900.jpg

Running Bird - Kiowa - 1913
http://photoswest.org/photos/10032376/10032387.jpg

Lone Chief, Standing Buffalo Bull, Iron Whip, Walks With Effort I - Ponca - 1858
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04232.jpg

Black Crow - Ponca - 1877
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04193a.jpg

Standing Bear - Ponca - 1881
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04175.jpg

True Eagle - Otoe - 1868
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/xx3489.jpg

Medicine Horse - Otoe - 1869
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03835b.jpg

Standing Eating - Otoe - 1884
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03853a.jpg

Far Away - Otoe - 1884
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03851a.jpg

Makes A Noise - Otoe - 1884
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03850.jpg

White Horse - Otoe - 1895
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/xx3681.jpg

James Arkeketah - Otoe - no date
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/bell/06644200.jpg

John Pipestem, Albert Green - Otoe - 1906
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03893.jpg

Red Bear - Otoe - 1908
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03875a.jpg

The White Cloud - Iowa - 1834
http://www.nga.gov/education/classro...whitecloud.jpg

Black Hawk – Iowa – 1869
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03899.jpg

Nag-A-Rash – Iowa – 1869
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03902b.jpg

Buffalo Chief - Iowa - 1869
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03841b.jpg

Pa-de-gi-he - Omaha - no date
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/cc0041.jpg

The Chief - Omaha - no date
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/cc0044.jpg

The Chief - Omaha - 1869
http://omahatribe.unl.edu/photos/185...G1289-20-6.jpg

White Swan - Omaha - 1883
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/cc0200a.jpg

Yellow Smoke - Omaha - 1883
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/cc0202a.jpg

Standing Bear, (wife and daughter on left), Yellow Smoke, (wife and daughter on right) - Omaha - 1883
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/cc0199a.jpg

Omaha man - 1902
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04781.jpg

Omaha man - 1902
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04780.jpg

Omaha men - 1907
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04029b.jpg

Standing Bear - Omaha - 1909
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_03998.jpg

Bear In The Fork Of A Tree - Sauk & Fox - 1858
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00653.jpg

Rising Fish - Sauk & Fox - 1858
http://www.amphilsoc.org/library/gui.../images/61.jpg

The Grey Fox - Sauk & Fox - 1858
http://www.amphilsoc.org/library/gui.../images/70.jpg

Sauk & Fox men – 1866
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00692no2.jpg

Che-Ko-Shuk - Sauk & Fox - 1868
http://www.amphilsoc.org/library/gui.../images/89.jpg

Fish Floating to the Shore - Sauk & Fox - 1868
http://www.amphilsoc.org/library/gui.../images/91.jpg

Po-Ga-Ha-Ma-We - Sauk & Fox - 1888
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00673a.jpg

Po-Ga-Ha-Ma-We - Sauk & Fox - 1888
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00673b.jpg

Cannot Do It - Sauk & Fox - 1890
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00667a.jpg

Cannot Do It - Sauk & Fox - 1890
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00667b.jpg

Nish-ke-kot with son and daughter - Sauk & Fox - 1895
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/cc0582.jpg

Hard Thinker - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00651a.jpg

Wam-Pash-Ka - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00648a.jpg

Picking Up Something - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00677c.jpg

Po-Ga-Ha-Ma-We - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00674a.jpg

Po-Ga-Ha-Ma-We - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/bell/06642900.jpg

Po-Ga-Ha-Ma-We - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00675.jpg

Fish Rub Against Something - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00668a.jpg

Fish Rub Against Something - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00668b.jpg

Fish Rub Against Something - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/bell/06652900.jpg

Fish Rub Against Something - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/bell/06652800.jpg

Na-wat-ena, Po-ga-ha-ma-we, and Pi-pi-qua - Sauk & Fox - 1896
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/bell/06649700.jpg

Push-E-To-Neke-Qua and Joe Tyson - Sauk & Fox - 1899
http://photoswest.org/photos/10032126/10032172.jpg

Old Eye - Sauk & Fox - no date
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_00636a.jpg

Pa-thin-non-pa-zhi – Osage – 1868
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04050b.jpg

Non-pe-wa-the – Osage – 1868
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04051a.jpg

Osage men – 1868
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04159c.jpg

Reaches The Sky – Osage – 1877
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04053.jpg

Henry Red Eagle and son - Osage - 1893
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/xx3679.jpg

Osage men - no date
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/c8304.jpg

Osage men - no date
http://www.cowanauctions.com/images/c8307.jpg

Osage men - no date
http://images.wisconsinhistory.org/7...10000493-l.jpg

Playful Chief – Osage – 1900
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04060b.jpg

Bacon Rind – Osage – 1900
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04130a.jpg

Man Of Courage, Black Dog - Osage - 1904
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04140.jpg

Bone Heart – Osage – 1906
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04122a.jpg

Red Eagle – Osage – 1908
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04121a.jpg

Comes Upon The Village - Osage - 1908
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04101a.jpg

Playful Sun Carrier – Osage – 1908
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04133a.jpg

Generous – Osage – 1911
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04110a.jpg

Bacon Rind – Osage – 1916
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/baegn/gn_04132a.jpg




Feder, Norman.
1960. Otter Fur Turbans. American Indian Tradition Newsletter, Vol. 7.

Fletcher, Alice C. and Francis LaFlesche.
1911. The Omaha Tribe. Bureau of American Ethnology, 27th Annual Report 1905-06, Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Howard, Dr. James H.
1965. The Ponca Tribe. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 195, Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Mails, Thomas E.
1972. The Mystic Warriors of the Plains. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.

Meadows, William.
1999. Kiowa, Apache and Comanche Military Societies. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.

Murie, James R.
1914. Pawnee Indian Societies. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 11, No. 7, New York, NY.

Skinner, Alanson B.
1915-a. Societies of the Iowa, Kansa and Ponca Indians. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 11, Part 9, New York, NY.
1915-b. Kansa Organizations. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 11, New York, NY.
1915-c. Ponca Societies and Dances. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 11, New York, NY.
1921. Material Culture of the Menomini. Indian Notes and Monographs, No. 20, Museum of American Indian, Heye Foundation, NY.

Historian 05-27-2009 07:48 PM

John Straight - Osage - 1912
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/89-8/T13358.jpg

John Straight - Osage - 1912
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/89-8/T13355.jpg

John Straight - Osage - 1912
http://sirismm.si.edu/naa/89-8/T13357.jpg

rezcar3 07-08-2009 11:00 AM

other type of turbans
 
http://www.powwows.com/galleries/sho...php?photo=9989

are there turbans made from material other than otter or fox? i was at ft duschene last week and a man from the cheyenne river rez was wearing a turban made out of what i thought was a blue trade cloth. similar to the turban in the attached link.

Historian 01-25-2010 02:57 PM

:star:

Historian 02-20-2012 01:57 PM

Bump...

WhoMe 04-06-2012 10:14 AM

As a point of reference, my father inlaw said, "for Pawnee, not just anyone has the right to wear the tab that sticks out sideways on the front their otter headpiece. The men who wore this tab were recognized, great, spiritual doctors."

Mato Mahe 11-27-2012 06:43 PM

Otter fur turban
 
Here are some recent photos on photobucket.

http://s636.photobucket.com/albums/u...w%2010-7-2012/

http://i636.photobucket.com/albums/u...ark10-7-12.jpg

http://i636.photobucket.com/albums/u...ark10-7-12.jpg

http://i636.photobucket.com/albums/u...ark10-7-12.jpg

.

WisconsinBlackBear 05-11-2013 09:07 AM

Has anyone ever seen a contemporary straight dancer in a fur turban with a horn sticking out one side like the 17th photograph down, Standing Bear 1881?

WhoMe 05-20-2013 10:36 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by WisconsinBlackBear (Post 1580476)
Has anyone ever seen a contemporary straight dancer in a fur turban with a horn sticking out one side like the 17th photograph down, Standing Bear 1881?

I have seen it twice!


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