Register Groups Members List Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Forum Home - Go Back > Pow Wow Arena > Men's Dance Styles > Straight Dancing Hair Plates Hair Plates

Reply LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
Old 03-31-2009, 11:24 AM   #1
Experienced
 
Historian's Avatar
 
User InfoThanks / Tagging InfoGifts / Achievements / AwardsvBActivity Stats
Historian has a reputation beyond repute
Historian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond repute
Join Date: Sep 2003
Location: Earth
Posts: 1,489
Credits: 546.14
Savings: 0.00
Hair Plates

Crosses, brooches, pins, bracelets, rings, gorgets, and armbands are among the highly prized "trade silver" items in the 1600 and 1700s. By the early 1800s, Plains metalwork had developed, influenced by many factors. Native metalworkers fashioned rings, bracelets, hair plates, etc. by pounding coin silver and pieces of brass kettles. Hair plates fashioned in this manner were fairly common the Plains tribes. The early hair plate discs had a bar across a center hole, and later ones had a loop soldered to the back.

Tee-too-sah (aka Little Bluff) - Kiowa - 1834


With the introduction in 1868 of the first sheets of German silver, a non-ferrous alloy of copper, nickel and zinc, metalwork flourished among several tribes of the Plains, including the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Arapaho, Ute, Osage, Sauk & Fox, Omaha and Southern Cheyenne, which is reinforced by the following photos.

Bear Eating Acorns Up A Tree - Sauk & Fox - 1869


The Sea - Sauk & Fox - 1869


The Milky Way – Comanche – 1872


Big Mouth Hawk – Arapaho – 1872


Ute men - 1874


Omaha men - 1880


Bert Fremont with wives - Omaha - 1885


Running Fox (aka George Fox) - Omaha - 1885?


Ute - 1890



Although some sets of hairplates were made from brass or elk shoulder-blade, the most common hair plate discs, historically as well as today, are usually made of German silver or trade-silver, mounted on a leather strap or sewn to a wool broadcloth base.

As quoted in the article titled "Plains Indian Metalworking with Emphasis on Hair Plates", in 1820 an account of the Long expedition describes one Osage man as,

"…'following the custom of the nation of shaving the head, so as to leave only the back part and above, which is, as usual, ornamented with silver plates, brooches, and feathers'…" (Feder, 1962, p. 57)

In reference to hair plates, "WhoMe" posted the following on Powwows.com at 11-10-2004, 10:10 AM,

"Awl-hon-gya is a modern term for money in the Kiowa language. Before the Louisiana Purchase, Spain was still in power in the southern plains of what is now Texas. The Kiowa fought the Spanish, later the Mexicans and even later the Texans. In their raids, they collected coins from the Spanish, Mexicans and Texans. Because money was not originally a part of Indian culture, at first, it did not have monetary value. However, it did have aesthetic value. When pounded out, was used as hair ornaments by the Kiowa and other tribes.

The larger coins were pounded out into disks and were then imprinted with tribal designs - a technique that is still in use today by the Kiowa and other tribes. This artform is the signature of Southern Plains metalwork. These imprinted coins were mounted on leather and tied to the scalp lock of Kiowa warriors. They extended down the length of the wearer's back, to their heels.

Today, these 'Awl-hon-gya hairplates' are no longer tied to the scalp but are fastened to the neck of Kiowa traditional dancers. Silver coins are no longer used. Metalwork artisans now use German and nickel silver to make this style of 'dragger'."



German silver hairplates – Kiowa - 1850




In early times the set of silver hair plates were attached to the scalplock at the back of the head, whereas today the hair plates are fastened around the dancers neck so as to hang down the middle of the back, similar to an otter trailer. The silver hair plate discs range in size from an average of four inches across and graduating in size to a small one inch disc. The larger discs being at the top of the set with the smaller discs coming to the back of the heels, rarely touching the ground. Often a piece of horse tail is placed at the end of the set of hair plates. The popularity of hair plates are such today, that it is common to see Ponca Hethuska straight dancers and Osage Inlonshka straight dancers wearing a set of hair plates instead of the traditional otter trailer.

Ashworth, Kenneth Albert.
1986. The Contemporary Oklahoma Pow-wow. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Oklahoma.

Callahan, Alice A.
1990. The Osage Ceremonial Dance, I’n-Lon-Schka. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

Catlin, George
1841. Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs and Traditions of North American Indians. 2 Volumes, Tosswill & Myers, London, England. (Reprinted as Letters and Notes on the North American Indian. Ross and Haynes, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, 1965)

Denig, Edwin T.
1961. Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

Duncan, Jim.
1997. Hethushka Zani: An Ethnohistory of the War Dance Complex. MA thesis. Department of Anthropology, Northeastern State University, Tahlequah, OK.

Ellis, Clyde.
2003. A Dancing People: Powwow Culture on the Southern Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS.

Ellison, Rosemary.
1976. Contemporary Southern Plains Indian Metalwork. Oklahoma Indian Arts and Crafts Cooperative, Anadarko, OK.

Feder, Norman.
1957-a. Costume of the Oklahoma Straight Dancer. The American Indian Hobbyist Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 1.
1957-b. Costume of the Oklahoma Straight Dancer. The American Indian Hobbyist Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 2.
1961. Plains Indian Metalworking, Part Two. American Indian Tradition Newsletter, Volume 8.
1962. Plains Indian Metalworking with Emphasis on Hair Plates. American Indian Tradition Newsletter, Volume 8, No. 3.

Heth, Charlotte, ed.
1992. Native American Dance: Ceremonies and Social Traditions. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Howard, Dr. James H.
1955. The Pan-Indian Culture in Oklahoma. The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 81, No. 5.
1965. The Ponca Tribe. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 195, Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
1976. Ceremonial Dress of the Delaware Man. Special Issue, The Bulletin of the Archeological Society of New Jersey, No. 33, Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ.
1983. Pan-Indianism in Native American Music and Dance. Ethnomusicology, Vol. 28, No. 1.

Howard, Dr. James H. and Gertrude P. Kurath.
1959. Ponca Dances, Ceremonies and Music. Ethnomusicology, Vol. 7.

Kavanagh, Thomas W.
1992. Southern Plains Dance Tradition and Dynamics: Native American Dance Ceremonies and Social Traditions. National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution with Starwood, Washington D.C.

LaFave, Edward J.
1998. Straight Dance Clothing: How to Dress a Straight Dancer. Whispering Wind: American Indian Past & Present Magazine, Vol. 29, No. 4, Folsom, LA.

Lowie, Robert H.
1916. Plains Indian Age Societies: Historical and Comparative Study. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 11, Part 13, New York, NY.

Lowie, Robert H., Ed. Clark Wissler.
1916. Societies of the Plains Indians. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 9, New York, NY.

Mails, Thomas E.
1972. The Mystic Warriors of the Plains. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.
1985. Plains Indians: Dog Soldiers, Bear Men and Buffalo Women. Bonanza Books, New York.

Meadows, William.
1999. Kiowa, Apache and Comanche Military Societies. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.

Murie, James R.
1914. Pawnee Indian Societies. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 11, No. 7, New York, NY.

Sebbelov, Gerda.
1911. The Osage War Dance. The Museum Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3.

Skinner, Alanson B.
1915-a. Societies of the Iowa, Kansa and Ponca Indians. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 11, Part 9, New York, NY.
1915-b. Kansa Organizations. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 11, New York, NY.
1915-c. Ponca Societies and Dances. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 11, New York, NY.

Smith, Jerry.
1982. Straight Dance Clothes: Getting Them On. Moccasin Tracks Magazine, April Issue, LaPalma, CA.

Stewart, Tyronne H.
1968. Dressing a Straight Dancer. The Singing Wire Newsletter, February Issue.
__________________

"Be good, be kind, help each other."
"Respect the ground, respect the drum, respect each other."

--Abe Conklin, Ponca/Osage (1926-1995)

Last edited by Historian; 04-15-2009 at 02:23 PM..
Historian is offline   Reply With Quote Share with Facebook
Old 01-25-2010, 03:20 PM   #2
Experienced
 
Historian's Avatar
 
User InfoThanks / Tagging InfoGifts / Achievements / AwardsvBActivity Stats
Historian has a reputation beyond repute
Historian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond repute
Join Date: Sep 2003
Location: Earth
Posts: 1,489
Credits: 546.14
Savings: 0.00
__________________

"Be good, be kind, help each other."
"Respect the ground, respect the drum, respect each other."

--Abe Conklin, Ponca/Osage (1926-1995)
Historian is offline   Reply With Quote Share with Facebook
Old 02-20-2012, 01:42 PM   #3
Experienced
 
Historian's Avatar
 
User InfoThanks / Tagging InfoGifts / Achievements / AwardsvBActivity Stats
Historian has a reputation beyond repute
Historian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond reputeHistorian has a reputation beyond repute
Join Date: Sep 2003
Location: Earth
Posts: 1,489
Credits: 546.14
Savings: 0.00
Bump...
__________________

"Be good, be kind, help each other."
"Respect the ground, respect the drum, respect each other."

--Abe Conklin, Ponca/Osage (1926-1995)
Historian is offline   Reply With Quote Share with Facebook
Sponsored Links
Reply

Bookmarks


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is On
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Let's talk Roaches WhoMe Northern Traditional Dancing 88 06-20-2019 09:46 PM
Roach questions, tips, and techniques Tx_grass_dancer General Crafts 36 01-03-2009 07:59 PM
Silver Hair Plates saponi Straight Dancing 7 10-29-2008 12:48 PM
Long hair or short hair apachetrends Chit Chat 77 05-23-2007 11:01 AM
Roach color OsageWinds Straight Dancing 5 09-13-2003 02:43 PM

    

Join the online community forum celebrating Native American Culture, Pow Wows, tribes, music, art, and history.

Join PowWows.com Today!

Your Guide to Native American Pow Wows Since 1996

Register For Free

Enjoy the benefits of being a member of PowWows.com!

Join our Native American online community focused on Pow Wow singing, dancing, crafts, Native American music, Native American videos, and more.

Add your Pow Wow to our Calendar

Share your photos and videos

Play games, enter contests, and much more!






New Threads

Pow Wow Calendar Search

 
Month: Year:

Location:

Videos

Featured Articles

Dance Styles

Crafts

Gallery