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Old 01-27-2012, 05:59 AM   #1
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Lightbulb THIS DAY IN HISTORY thread

There are days in history that have changed the way we live or think because of what happened at that time. I felt it would be interesting to see them and perhaps to chat about them.

open the thread to see or add days of interest. thank you.


I do not claim to own or necessarily condone information printed in this thead. it is gently borrowed from the history .com pages. neither powwows.com, its owner(s) nor any of its employees is responsible for the borrowing of this public information from the following:
© 1996-2012, A&E Television Networks, LLC. All Rights Reserved. at this time, no membership was required to borrow this information brought here solely for entertainment purposes

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Old 01-27-2012, 06:21 AM   #2
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Jan 27

The russians liberate auschwitz in wwii 1945

national geographic society founded 1888

shelby gt 350 debuts 1965

president lincoln orders armies to advance 1862

u.s. Officially ends participation in a cold war conflict 1973

baird demonstrates tv 1926

astronauts die in launch pad fire 1967

senate investigation of fbi and cia activities begins 1975

john lennon writes and records “instant karma” in a single day 1970

first atomic detonation at the nevada test site 1951

donald evans earns medal of honor 1967

world war i workers prepare to strike in germany 1918

ww ii americans bomb germans for first time 1943
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Old 01-28-2012, 02:17 AM   #3
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trying to get @Migiziwomen a trophy!
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Old 01-28-2012, 12:51 PM   #4
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Jan 28

Jan 28, 1986:
Challenger explodes

"At 11:38 a.m. EST, on January 28, 1986, the space shuttle Challenger lifts off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, and Christa McAuliffe is on her way to becoming the first ordinary U.S. civilian to travel into space. McAuliffe, a 37-year-old high school social studies teacher from New Hampshire, won a competition that earned her a place among the seven-member crew of the Challenger. She underwent months of shuttle training but then, beginning January 23, was forced to wait six long days as the Challenger's launch countdown was repeatedly delayed because of weather and technical problems. Finally, on January 28, the shuttle lifted off.

Seventy-three seconds later, hundreds on the ground, including Christa's family, stared in disbelief as the shuttle exploded in a forking plume of smoke and fire. Millions more watched the wrenching tragedy unfold on live television. There were no survivors.

In 1976, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) unveiled the world's first reusable manned spacecraft, the Enterprise. Five years later, space flights of the shuttle began when Columbia traveled into space on a 54-hour mission. Launched by two solid-rocket boosters and an external tank, only the aircraft-like shuttle entered into orbit around Earth. When the mission was completed, the shuttle fired engines to reduce speed and, after descending through the atmosphere, landed like a glider. Early shuttles took satellite equipment into space and carried out various scientific experiments. The Challenger disaster was the first major shuttle accident.

In the aftermath of the explosion, President Ronald Reagan appointed a special commission to determine what went wrong with Challenger and to develop future corrective measures. The presidential commission was headed by former secretary of state William Rogers, and included former astronaut Neil Armstrong and former test pilot Chuck Yeager. The investigation determined that the explosion was caused by the failure of an "O-ring" seal in one of the two solid-fuel rockets. The elastic O-ring did not respond as expected because of the cold temperature at launch time, which began a chain of events that resulted in the massive explosion. As a result of the explosion, NASA did not send astronauts into space for more than two years as it redesigned a number of features of the space shuttle".

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Old 01-28-2012, 02:57 PM   #5
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That was horrible, I remember that.
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Old 01-28-2012, 08:29 PM   #6
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I still remember that day like it was yesterday...One of my younger brothers was a big NASA fan as a child, and often dreamed of going to space, to be an astronaut, he watched every shuttle launch since I can remember....and this particular morning didn't seem to be any different...he was laying in the floor propped up on his pillow in front of the television set, all ready for the launch.....When it went up, he clapped his hands as he always did and then just stopped..He said two words, "They're dead"...and got up and went to his room and slammed the door.....it took the rest of us a few minutes and when the announcers started talking we realized what had happened....
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Old 01-29-2012, 09:37 AM   #7
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i was just two months into my first pregnancy...and so tired i was napping most of the time. i am not really sure when i first found out about that tragedy. General News on TV for me at that time was so terrible that i didnt watch it. I must have found out at the end of the day when my husband got home from work.
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Old 01-29-2012, 09:50 AM   #8
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Jan 29 ( 1936 sports )

On January 29, 1936,

....the U.S. Baseball Hall of Fame elects its first members in Cooperstown, New York: Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Matthewson and Walter Johnson.

The Hall of Fame actually had its beginnings in 1935, when plans were made to build a museum devoted to baseball and its 100-year history. A private organization based in Cooperstown called the Clark Foundation thought that establishing the Baseball Hall of Fame in their city would help to reinvigorate the area's Depression-ravaged economy by attracting tourists. To help sell the idea, the foundation advanced the idea that U.S. Civil War hero Abner Doubleday invented baseball in Cooperstown. The story proved to be phony, but baseball officials, eager to capitalize on the marketing and publicity potential of a museum to honor the game's greats, gave their support to the project anyway.

In preparation for the dedication of the Hall of Fame in 1939--thought by many to be the centennial of baseball--the Baseball Writers' Association of America chose the five greatest superstars of the game as the first class to be inducted: Ty Cobb was the most productive hitter in history; Babe Ruth was both an ace pitcher and the greatest home-run hitter to play the game; Honus Wagner was a versatile star shortstop and batting champion; Christy Matthewson had more wins than any pitcher in National League history; and Walter Johnson was considered one of the most powerful pitchers to ever have taken the mound.

Today, with approximately 350,000 visitors per year, the Hall of Fame continues to be the hub of all things baseball. It has elected 278 individuals, in all, including 225 players, 17 managers, 8 umpires and 28 executives and pioneers.
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Old 01-29-2012, 09:55 AM   #9
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Jan 29

Jan 29, 1891:
Liliuokalani proclaimed queen of Hawaii


Following the death of her brother, King Kalakaua, Liliuokalani becomes the last monarch of the Hawaiian Islands.

Hawaii, first settled by Polynesian voyagers sometime in the eighth century, saw a massive influx of American settlers during the 19th century, most coming to exploit Hawaii's burgeoning sugar industry. In 1887, under pressure from U.S. investors and American sugar planters, King Kalakaua agreed to a new constitution that stripped him of much of his power. However, in 1891, Liliuokalani ascended to the throne and refused to recognize the constitution of 1887, replacing it instead with a constitution that restored the monarchy's traditional authority.

Two years later, a revolutionary "Committee of Safety," organized by Sanford B. Dole, a Hawaiian-born American, staged a coup against Queen Liliuokalani with the support of U.S. Minister John Stevens and a division of U.S. Marines. Stevens recognized Dole's new government on his own authority and proclaimed Hawaii a U.S. protectorate. Dole submitted a treaty of annexation to the U.S. Senate, but most Democrats opposed it, especially after it was revealed that most Hawaiians did not want annexation. President Grover Cleveland sent a new U.S. minister to Hawaii to restore Queen Liliuokalani to the throne under the 1887 constitution, but Dole refused to step aside and instead proclaimed the independent Republic of Hawaii, which was organized into a U.S. territory in 1900.

Liliuokalani herself spent much of the remainder of her life in the United States, where she unsuccessfully petitioned the federal government for compensation for seized property and other losses. The territorial legislature of Hawaii finally voted her an annual pension of $4,000 and permitted her to receive the income from a small sugar plantation. In additional to her political fame, Liliuokalani is also known for composing many Hawaiian songs, including the popular "Aloha Oe," which translates to "Farewell to Thee."
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Old 01-29-2012, 10:20 AM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by APACHEFIRE View Post
i was just two months into my first pregnancy...and so tired i was napping most of the time. i am not really sure when i first found out about that tragedy. General News on TV for me at that time was so terrible that i didnt watch it. I must have found out at the end of the day when my husband got home from work.
i was in school, like most kids. i was in eigth grade, or seventh. hmmm not sure. we were at that age that this did not affect us at the time. we just went on about our day.
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Old 01-29-2012, 10:52 AM   #11
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Migiziwomen View Post
i was in school, like most kids. i was in eigth grade, or seventh. hmmm not sure. we were at that age that this did not affect us at the time. we just went on about our day.
wow...i thought that by the time you came along, they grouped all the kids together to watch something like this on the school TV. i know they did out here in california. Especially since one of the astronauts was a school teacher...i know lots of kids across the states were tuned in because of that reason. Thats why so many younger people remember it so well.
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Old 01-30-2012, 03:26 AM   #12
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Jan 30

Jan 30, 1948:
Gandhi assassinated

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement, is assassinated in New Delhi by a Hindu fanatic.

Born the son of an Indian official in 1869, Gandhi's Vaishnava mother was deeply religious and early on exposed her son to Jainism, a morally rigorous Indian religion that advocated nonviolence. Gandhi was an unremarkable student but in 1888 was given an opportunity to study law in England. In 1891, he returned to India, but failing to find regular legal work he accepted in 1893 a one-year contract in South Africa.

Settling in Natal, he was subjected to racism and South African laws that restricted the rights of Indian laborers. Gandhi later recalled one such incident, in which he was removed from a first-class railway compartment and thrown off a train, as his moment of truth. From thereon, he decided to fight injustice and defend his rights as an Indian and a man. When his contract expired, he spontaneously decided to remain in South Africa and launched a campaign against legislation that would deprive Indians of the right to vote. He formed the Natal Indian Congress and drew international attention to the plight of Indians in South Africa. In 1906, the Transvaal government sought to further restrict the rights of Indians, and Gandhi organized his first campaign of satyagraha, or mass civil disobedience. After seven years of protest, he negotiated a compromise agreement with the South African government.

In 1914, Gandhi returned to India and lived a life of abstinence and spirituality on the periphery of Indian politics. He supported Britain in the First World War but in 1919 launched a new satyagraha in protest of Britain's mandatory military draft of Indians. Hundreds of thousands answered his call to protest, and by 1920 he was leader of the Indian movement for independence. He reorganized the Indian National Congress as a political force and launched a massive boycott of British goods, services, and institutions in India. Then, in 1922, he abruptly called off the satyagraha when violence erupted. One month later, he was arrested by the British authorities for sedition, found guilty, and imprisoned.

After his release in 1924, he led an extended fast in protest of Hindu-Muslim violence. In 1928, he returned to national politics when he demanded dominion status for India and in 1930 launched a mass protest against the British salt tax, which hurt India's poor. In his most famous campaign of civil disobedience, Gandhi and his followers marched to the Arabian Sea, where they made their own salt by evaporating sea water. The march, which resulted in the arrest of Gandhi and 60,000 others, earned new international respect and support for the leader and his movement.

In 1931, Gandhi was released to attend the Round Table Conference on India in London as the sole representative of the Indian National Congress. The meeting was a great disappointment, and after his return to India he was again imprisoned. While in jail, he led another fast in protest of the British government's treatment of the "untouchables"--the impoverished and degraded Indians who occupied the lowest tiers of the caste system. In 1934, he left the Indian Congress Party to work for the economic development of India's many poor. His protege, Jawaharlal Nehru, was named leader of the party in his place.

With the outbreak of World War II, Gandhi returned to politics and called for Indian cooperation with the British war effort in exchange for independence. Britain refused and sought to divide India by supporting conservative Hindu and Muslim groups. In response, Gandhi launched the "Quit India" movement it 1942, which called for a total British withdrawal. Gandhi and other nationalist leaders were imprisoned until 1944.

In 1945, a new government came to power in Britain, and negotiations for India's independence began. Gandhi sought a unified India, but the Muslim League, which had grown in influence during the war, disagreed. After protracted talks, Britain agreed to create the two new independent states of India and Pakistan on August 15, 1947. Gandhi was greatly distressed by the partition, and bloody violence soon broke out between Hindus and Muslims in India.

In an effort to end India's religious strife, he resorted to fasts and visits to the troubled areas. He was on one such vigil in New Delhi when Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist who objected to Gandhi's tolerance for the Muslims, fatally shot him. Known as Mahatma, or "the great soul," during his lifetime, Gandhi's persuasive methods of civil disobedience influenced leaders of civil rights movements around the world, especially Martin Luther King Jr. in the United States.
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Old 01-30-2012, 10:40 AM   #13
3 down and 1 to go! lol
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by APACHEFIRE View Post
Jan 29, 1891:
Liliuokalani proclaimed queen of Hawaii


Following the death of her brother, King Kalakaua, Liliuokalani becomes the last monarch of the Hawaiian Islands.

Hawaii, first settled by Polynesian voyagers sometime in the eighth century, saw a massive influx of American settlers during the 19th century, most coming to exploit Hawaii's burgeoning sugar industry. In 1887, under pressure from U.S. investors and American sugar planters, King Kalakaua agreed to a new constitution that stripped him of much of his power. However, in 1891, Liliuokalani ascended to the throne and refused to recognize the constitution of 1887, replacing it instead with a constitution that restored the monarchy's traditional authority.

Two years later, a revolutionary "Committee of Safety," organized by Sanford B. Dole, a Hawaiian-born American, staged a coup against Queen Liliuokalani with the support of U.S. Minister John Stevens and a division of U.S. Marines. Stevens recognized Dole's new government on his own authority and proclaimed Hawaii a U.S. protectorate. Dole submitted a treaty of annexation to the U.S. Senate, but most Democrats opposed it, especially after it was revealed that most Hawaiians did not want annexation. President Grover Cleveland sent a new U.S. minister to Hawaii to restore Queen Liliuokalani to the throne under the 1887 constitution, but Dole refused to step aside and instead proclaimed the independent Republic of Hawaii, which was organized into a U.S. territory in 1900.

Liliuokalani herself spent much of the remainder of her life in the United States, where she unsuccessfully petitioned the federal government for compensation for seized property and other losses. The territorial legislature of Hawaii finally voted her an annual pension of $4,000 and permitted her to receive the income from a small sugar plantation. In additional to her political fame, Liliuokalani is also known for composing many Hawaiian songs, including the popular "Aloha Oe," which translates to "Farewell to Thee."
Hell yeah, my brother gives me lectures on our heritage and family from Hawaii all the time. We are a direct descendent of Lily. He refuses to celebrate the 4th of July because he feels that Hawaii is still under seige....lol....But I was like hell yeah, we celebrate the death of the 7th Calvary....so you know...things equal out in the end...
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Old 01-30-2012, 01:45 PM   #14
AH LOVE LAUGHIN!
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Chevy_truckin_NDN View Post
Hell yeah, my brother gives me lectures on our heritage and family from Hawaii all the time. We are a direct descendent of Lily. He refuses to celebrate the 4th of July because he feels that Hawaii is still under seige....lol....But I was like hell yeah, we celebrate the death of the 7th Calvary....so you know...things equal out in the end...
i am so glad i found this article in time to post it here. i just knew we had someone who would know about this. i am honored to know a direct descendent of Queen Liliuokalani. Especially since it is you, CHEVY_TRUCKIN_NDN, **wink**
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Old 02-07-2012, 02:44 PM   #15
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January 31
1606
Guy Fawkes, a co-conspirator in the Gunpowder Plot, was executed.
On January 31, 1606, English conspirator Guy Fawkes was executed for his part in the Gunpowder Plot. Fawkes had led a conspiracy in England to blow up King James I and the Houses of Parliament.

1865
Robert E. Lee was appointed commander-in-chief of the Confederate forces.

1865
The House of Representatives approved the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which abolished slavery in the United States.

1940
The first social security check was issued to Ida Fuller for $22.54.

1958
The first U.S. earth satellite, Explorer I, was launched.

1990
The first McDonald's opened in Russia.

Jackie Robinson's Birthday
Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. Robinson was the first African American to play major league baseball. He made his debut at Ebbets Field on April 15, 1047, for the Brooklyn Dodgers and played for 10 years.

Truman Announces Development of Hydrogen Bomb
On January 31, 1950, President Harry S. Truman announced his support to development the hydrogen bomb. The H-bomb is a nuclear weapon that is hundreds of times more powerful than the atomic bombs from World War II. The H-bomb was tested when it was detonated on November 1, 1952, on Enewetak atoll in the Pacific Marshall Islands. The blast vaporized the islet of Elugelab.
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February 1
1790
The Supreme Court of the United States convened for the first time, in New York City.

1862
Julia Ward Howe's poem "Battle Hymn of the Republic" was published in the Atlantic Monthly.

1884
The first volume of the Oxford English Dictionary A–Ant, was published.

1946
A press conference announced the first electronic digital computer, ENIAC, was held at the University of Pennsylvania.

1960
Four black college students began a series of sit-ins at a white-only lunch counter in Woolworth’s, Greensboro, N.C.

1968
During the Vietnam War, a Viet Cong officer was executed with a pistol shot to the head by Saigon's police chief and the image captured in a famous news photograph.

1979
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned to Tehran after 15 years of exile.

2003
The space shuttle Columbia disintegrated as it tried to reenter the Earth's atmosphere after a sixteen-day mission in space. All seven members of the crew were lost.

Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster
Disaster struck the Space Shuttle program again on February 1, 2003, when Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated during re-entry into earth’s atmosphere after a 16 day mission into space. All 7 crew members were lost. The next flight was Space Shuttle Atlantis launching on May 14, 2010, and successfully landing on May 26, 2010. After nearly 30 years in service, the Space Shuttle will be retired from service in 2011.


2004
Janet Jackson's famous "wardrobe malfunction" occurred at Super Bowl XXXVIII.

2009
Johanna Sigurdardottir takes office as Iceland's first female prime minister.

Robinson Crusoe Day
Robinson Crusoe was written by Daniel Defoe (?1660-1731). Robinson Crusoe was the hero of Daniel Defoe's novel about a shipwrecked English sailor who survives on a small tropical island.

National Baked Alaska Day
February 1st is National Baked Alaska Day. Baked Alaska is cake covered with ice cream and meringue that is browned quickly in the oven. The name "Baked Alaska" was coined at Delmonico's Restaurant in 1876 to honor the recently acquired American territory.

National Freedom Day celebrates freedom from slavery, and recognizes that America is a symbol of freedom.

National Freedom Day was established in 1948 to remind us that America stands for, and is a symbol of freedom for all people. The roots of this special day come directly from the end of slavery and the signing of the 13th amendment outlawing slavery.

Celebrate this day by reflecting upon your own freedoms that you enjoy by being fortunate enough to be in America. Millions of people in the world are not free.




--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Origin of National Freedom Day:
Major Richard Robert Wright Sr., a former slave, created National Freedom Day. He believed that there should be a day when freedom for all Americans is celebrated. President Lincoln signed the 13th Amendment outlawing slavery on February 1, 1865. So, February 1st was chosen to celebrate National Freedom Day.

On June 30, 1948, President Harry Truman signed a the bill proclaiming February 1st as National Freedom Day.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flower of the Day: Caladium
Recipe of the Day: Green Beans with Cheese
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February 2
1536
The city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, was founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro de Mendoza.

1709
Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk, the inspiration for Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, was rescued after four years alone on an island off the coast of Chile.

1848
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican War, was signed. In the treaty, Mexico ceded to the United States a huge portion of what is today the American West and Southwest, including California and New Mexico.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Signed
On February 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed ending the Mexican-American War in favor of the United States. The treaty added 525,000 square miles to the United States territory. The land became the states of Texas California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.

1870
The Cardiff Giant was revealed to be a hoax.

1876
The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs was formed.

1887
The first gathering at Gobbler's Knob in Punxsatawney, Pa. to wait for the groundhog's shadow occurred.

Groundhog Day
February 2nd is Groundhog Day. Pennsylvania's official celebration of Groundhog Day began on February 2nd, 1886. If the groundhog emerges and sees his shadow on this day, there will be 6 more weeks of winter. [6 more weeks of winter y'all]...

1922
James Joyce's Ulysses was published.

1943
Nazi troops surrendered in the World War II Battle of Stalingrad.

1971
Idi Amin became dictator of Uganda.

1980
The Abscam scandal was revealed.

1990
South African President F. W. de Klerk lifted a ban on the African National Congress and promised to free Nelson Mandela.

2003
Czech Republic President Vaclav Havel stepped down after 13 years.

Zeppelin Crashes into North Sea
A zeppelin is a large rigid dirigible designed to carry passengers or bombs. The Zeppelin was invented by a German army officer, Count Ferdinand Zeppelin in 1900. It was an impressive aircraft by the beginning of World War I. The first zeppelin attack on England was January 19, 1915, with more raids to follow. On February 2, 1916, a downed zeppelin was discovered partially submerged in the North Sea.
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February 3
1468
Johann Gutenberg, German printer and inventor, died.

1870
The 15th Amendment (black suffrage) passed.

15th Amendment Ratified
On February 3, 1870, the 15th Amendment was ratified granting the right of citizens to vote regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude.



1913
The 16th Amendment, establishing federal income tax, was ratified.

Income Tax Birthday
The first personal income tax was imposed on August 5, 1861, as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 to help pay for the Civil War. The income tax provision was repealed by the Revenue Act of 1862 which replaced the flat rate with a progressive scale. Then in 1872, the temporary Civil War income tax was repealed. On February 3, 1913, the 16th Amendment was ratified authorizing the Federal government to collect income tax from both individuals and corporations. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the bureau of the Treasury Department that is responsible for tax collections. April 15th is Income Tax Pay Day and is the deadline for filing and paying personal income taxes for the previous year.


1917
The U.S. broke off diplomatic relations with Germany.

1959
Rock singers, Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, and Big Bopper died in a plane crash.

1995
Col. Eileen Collins became the first woman to pilot the space shuttle when the Discovery blasted off.

1998
Texas executed Karla Faye Tucker, the first woman to be executed in the United States since 1984.

National Carrot Cake Day
February 3rd is National Carrot Cake Day. Carrot cake is a cake with grated carrots in the batter. Carrot cake is usually frosted with a cream cheese frosting.
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February 4
1783
England proclaimed the formal end to the hostilities with the United States.

1787
Shays's Rebellion, an uprising of Massachusetts farmers, was defeated.

1789
George Washington and John Adams are elected the president and vice president of the United States.

First U.S. President Elected
On January 7, 1789, America's first presidential election was held. Americans cast ballots for electors who unanimously chose George Washington to be the nation's first president on February 4th, 1789. George Washington was sworn into office on April 30, 1789.

1861
Delegates from six southern states met at Montgomery, Ala., to form the Confederate States of America.

1945
Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met at the Yalta Conference.

1948
Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) gained independence from the United Kingdom.

1969
The Palestine National Congress appointed Yasir Arafat head of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

1974
Patricia Hearst, granddaughter of newspaper mogul William Randolph Hearst, was kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army.

1976
Benjamin Britten, British composer, died.

2003
The country of Yugoslavia disappeared, to be replaced by the loose federation of Serbia and Montenegro.

2004
The Massachusetts Supreme Court declared that gays had the right to marry.

Charles Lindbergh's Birthday
Charles Lindbergh was born on February 4, 1902, in Detroit, Michigan. Lindbergh was an American aviator who made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean, from New York to Paris on May 20-21, 1927. His nickname was "Lucky Lindy." He died on August 27, 1974 and was buried at Maui, Hawaii.

Rubber Galoshes
On February 4, 1824, J.W. Goodrich introduced rubber galoshes to the world. Rubber galoshes are waterproof overshoes that protect shoes from water or snow. It's a lot of fun to put on your rain coat and galoshes and play in the rain!

National Stuffed Mushroom Day
February 4th is Stuffed Mushroom Day. Stuffed mushrooms are mushrooms that have been stuffed with any of numerous mixtures of cheeses, meats, nuts, seafood or spinach. Have you tried stuffed mushrooms? What is your favorite way to enjoy mushrooms?
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February 5
1811
After George III was declared insane, the Prince of Wales became Prince Regent of England, and later George IV.

1917
Congress passed the Immigration Act, which restricted Asian immigration, over President Wilson's veto.

1917
Mexico adopted its present constitution.

Mexico: Constitution Day
Mexico celebrates Constitution Day on February 5th. Mexico's present constitution was approved by the Constitutional Convention on February 5, 1917, during the Mexican Revolution. This constitution is the first one in the world to embrace major social reforms.

1937
FDR proposed increasing the number of Supreme Court justices—"packing" the court.

1994
Byron De La Beckwith was sentenced to life in prison for the murder of Medgar Evers, 30 years after the crime in Jackson, Mississippi.

1997
Under international pressure, three of Switzerland's biggest banks created a fund worth 100 million Swiss francs for Holocaust victims and their families.

National Weatherperson's Day
February 5th is National Weatherperson's Day. A weatherperson is someone who forecasts or predicts the weather. A meteorologist is a specialist who studies processes in the earth's atmosphere that cause weather conditions. Have you considered a career in weather forecasting?

Family and Medical Leave Act
On February 5, 1993, President Bill Clinton signed a bill to allow employees an unpaid leave of absence of up to 12 weeks for the birth or adoption of a child or to care for a relative who is seriously ill. The bill applies to companies with 50 or more employees and to government agencies. The bill went into effect on August 5, 1993.

Hank Aaron's Birthday
Hank Aaron is a retired professional baseball player who hit more home runs than Babe Ruth. He was born on February 5, 1934, in Mobile, Alabama. He is considered one of the greatest baseball players of all time.
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