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Choker Necklace

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  • Choker Necklace

    In general, a choker necklace is any necklace worn in a snug fit around the neck. Among many tribes who straight dance, the choker necklace can be divided into four main categories. I have tried to include examples from the past in each category. In some cases, a photo might show more than one style of choker necklace worn at the same time.

    1. A single strand of large glass trade beads, sometimes with a single shell disc in the center.

    Youngest Pony - Pawnee - 1868

    Behind The One Who Strikes First - Pawnee - 1868

    Eagle Chief - Pawnee - 1905

    Standing Bear - Ponca - 1881

    Medicine Horse - Otoe - 1869

    James Whitewater - Otoe - 1891

    Baptiste Deroin - Omaha/Otoe/French - 1880

    Bright Eye - Omaha - 1883

    Bacon Rind – Osage – 1916

    2. Three to four rows of glass, silver or brass trade beads, strung alone or with small bone hairpipes spaced at regular intervals, and held together by leather spacers to keep the rows even.

    White Horse - Pawnee - 1868

    Big Snake - Ponca - 1877

    Big Elk - Ponca - 1877

    Yellow Horse - Ponca - 1906

    Makes A Noise - Otoe - 1884

    White Horse - Otoe - 1895

    Brother of John Pipestem with wife - Otoe - 1906

    It Is Him - Otoe - 1907

    Red Bear - Otoe - 1908

    Chas Baddle - Omaha/Otoe - 1898

    Cannot Do It - Sauk & Fox - 1890

    Picking Up Something - Sauk & Fox - 1896

    Osage man - 1875

    Ne-kah-ka-lah – Osage – 1893

    Frank Corndropper and Paul Buffalo - Osage - 1895

    Red Eagle – Osage – 1908

    3. As many as ten horizontal rows of dentalium shells strung between spacers of leather.

    Horse Chief - Ponca - 1906

    Ponca men - no date

    4. A narrow band of “side-stitched” beadwork made of a horsehair woven network of size 13/0 glass seed beads. These can be seen in many old photos, and at first glance, give the false appearance of being made by the loom beaded method.

    Pawnee man - 1867

    The Sun Coming In - Pawnee - 1868

    Pawnee men - 1868

    Long Dog - Pawnee - 1868

    Driving A Herd - Pawnee - 1868

    Big Spotted Horse - Pawnee - 1875

    Sun Chief - Pawnee - no date

    Standing Bear - Ponca - 1877

    Hairy Grizzly Bear - Ponca - 1877

    Black Crow - Ponca - 1877

    Standing Bear - Ponca - 1881

    Little Pipe - Otoe - 1869

    Crawfish Maker - Otoe - 1880

    Standing Eating - Otoe - 1884

    Far Away - Otoe - 1884

    Prairie Turtle - Otoe - 1894

    Bushy Tail - Otoe - 1894

    James Arkeketah - Otoe - no date

    Deer Thigh – Iowa – 1869

    Omaha men - 1875

    The Buck - Omaha - 1883

    Omaha men - 1907

    Little Village Maker - Omaha - 1909

    Eye of the People - Omaha - 1909

    Standing Bear - Omaha - 1909

    Sauk & Fox man - circa 1880

    Hard Thinker - Sauk & Fox - 1896

    Callahan, Alice A.
    1990. The Osage Ceremonial Dance, I’n-Lon-Schka. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

    Cooley, Jim.
    1985. Inlonska Centenial Commemoration: One Hundred Years of Dancing at the Pawhuska District. Moccasin Tracks Magazine, June Issue, Vol. 10, No. 10, LaPalma, CA.

    Duncan, Jim.
    1997. Hethushka Zani: An Ethnohistory of the War Dance Complex. MA thesis. Department of Anthropology, Northeastern State University, Tahlequah, OK.

    Ellis, Clyde.
    2003. A Dancing People: Powwow Culture on the Southern Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS.

    Feder, Norman.
    1957-a. Costume of the Oklahoma Straight Dancer. The American Indian Hobbyist Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 1.
    1957-b. Costume of the Oklahoma Straight Dancer. The American Indian Hobbyist Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 2.
    1980. Some Notes on the Osage War Dance. Moccasin Tracks Magazine, November Issue, LaPalma, CA.

    Heth, Charlotte, ed.
    1992. Native American Dance: Ceremonies and Social Traditions. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

    Howard, Dr. James H.
    1955. The Pan-Indian Culture in Oklahoma. The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 81, No. 5.
    1965. The Ponca Tribe. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 195, Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
    1976. Ceremonial Dress of the Delaware Man. Special Issue, The Bulletin of the Archeological Society of New Jersey, No. 33, Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ.
    1983. Pan-Indianism in Native American Music and Dance. Ethnomusicology, Vol. 28, No. 1.

    Howard, Dr. James H. and Gertrude P. Kurath.
    1959. Ponca Dances, Ceremonies and Music. Ethnomusicology, Vol. 7.

    Johnson, Tim. Ed.
    1998. Spirit Capture: Photographs from the National Museum of the American Indian. Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C.

    Kavanagh, Thomas W.
    1992. Southern Plains Dance Tradition and Dynamics: Native American Dance Ceremonies and Social Traditions. National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution with Starwood, Washington D.C.

    LaFave, Edward J.
    1998. Straight Dance Clothing: How to Dress a Straight Dancer. Whispering Wind: American Indian Past & Present Magazine, Vol. 29, No. 4, Folsom, LA.

    Smith, Jerry.
    1982. Straight Dance Clothes: Getting Them On. Moccasin Tracks Magazine, April Issue, LaPalma, CA.

    Stewart, Tyronne H.
    1968. Dressing a Straight Dancer. The Singing Wire Newsletter, February Issue.

    "Be good, be kind, help each other."
    "Respect the ground, respect the drum, respect each other."

    --Abe Conklin, Ponca/Osage (1926-1995)

  • #2

    "Be good, be kind, help each other."
    "Respect the ground, respect the drum, respect each other."

    --Abe Conklin, Ponca/Osage (1926-1995)


    • #3

      "Be good, be kind, help each other."
      "Respect the ground, respect the drum, respect each other."

      --Abe Conklin, Ponca/Osage (1926-1995)


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