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Hair Roach Headdress

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  • WisconsinBlackBear
    Were round roaches ever worn on the Southern Plains? They were out East. It seems to me that if you're going to wear a roach inside of a fur turban, the round roach would make the most sense. The Chippewa do that. I was just wondering if they did the same on the Southern Plains.

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  • White Powwow Dancer
    Nice pitures and a very good history lesson too!

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  • WoundedBear
    i working on towards getting my first roach thrue noc bay.
    i agree with u there are many nice porky's here and i just learned a lot

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    These are some great Roaches. I have 3 of my own. 1 a 15" roach I was passed down as a youth when I was roached, 1 I was offered a great deal for by a very good friend, it is a 22" in and out white, and 1 Turkey beard I made with in and out red. I also have a Turbin, but don't wear it much any more.

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  • Historian

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  • Historian

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  • Historian
    John Straight - Osage - 1912

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  • Historian
    Some other examples:

    (Note: Typical method of storing a hair roach.)

    (Note: Appears to be a "clipped hair" base.)

    (Note: Turkey Beard Roach in lower right corner.)

    Turkey Beard Roaches:

    Turkey Beard Roaches with clipped hair base:

    Last edited by Historian; 04-11-2009, 10:09 AM.

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  • Historian
    Originally posted by legalstraight View Post
    What is on the front of Smoked Yellow's roach? is that fluffs replacing the horsehair?
    It appears to be some sort of chemical damage to the photograph in the developing process. Photography was still in a crude stage at this time. The same chemical damage can be seen on his forehead and his shoulder.

    A similar chemical damage can be seen on the photo of (Kau-Lay-Ty - Kiowa - 1898).
    Last edited by Historian; 04-11-2009, 08:44 AM.

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  • Josiah
    Originally posted by legalstraight View Post
    What is on the front of Smoked Yellow's roach? is that fluffs replacing the horsehair?
    Looks more like damage to the photograph than Fluffs
    Of course those could be some biiiig fluffs!

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  • legalstraight
    What is on the front of Smoked Yellow's roach? is that fluffs replacing the horsehair?

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  • Historian
    started a topic Hair Roach Headdress

    Hair Roach Headdress

    “This headgear is apparently called ‘roach’ in English because of it’s resemblance to the roaching or clipping of a horse’s mane which was considered stylish in the 19th century. The roach headdress of animal hair almost certainly originated in the custom, formerly observed by some Indian men, of cutting all the hair from the head except for a narrow strip running from the crown to the base of the neck.”
    (Howard, 1958, p. 89)

    White Horse - Pawnee - 1868

    Animal hair such as turkey beard hair, porcupine guard hair, and deer-tail hair were added to the hair to add to the effect. Some authorities attribute the hair roach headdress to the Pawnee as a result of the legend of their culture hero Crow Feather. Other authorities attribute the hair roach to tribal traditions involving the resemblence of the red crest of the Pileated Woodpecker.

    Today the hair roach has evolved to become a seperate headdress, and is either made from turkey beard hair, in which case the length of the base is usually a smaller size, perhaps 8 to 12 inches, or porcupine guard hair which can have a base from 12 to 20 inches or more. In both cases, deer-tail hair is added inside and out. There was a time that the deer-tail hair was dyed red to indicated that the wearer had been “tested by fire” or in other words the dancer was a warrior or veteran who had been in combat, and if the deer-tail hair was left natural or white the dancer had not been in combat.

    However, these meanings are no longer strictly followed or remembered and the deer-tail hair is frequently dyed any color according to the dancer’s preference.

    In general, the central and southern plains style of hair roach headdress will have the front hairs standing erect with only a gradual outward flare and are usually smaller in size, whereas in contrast, the northern plains style hair roach headdress will frequently have the front hairs flaring outward at an almost horizontal angle and tend to be larger in size.

    Some examples from the past:

    Buffalo Bull - Pawnee - 1832

    Brave Chief - Pawnee - 1832

    Big Elk - Omaha - 1832

    The Watchful Fox - Sauk - 1832

    The Blistered Feet - Iowa - 1844

    The Walking Bear - Sauk - 1844

    The White Cloud - Iowa - 1845

    Un-identified man and Wah-ti-an-kah – Osage - 1865

    Sun Chief, A Fine Horse, Lone Chief, Struck By A Tomahawk, One Aimed At - Pawnee - 1868

    Wah-Com-Mo - Sauk & Fox - 1868

    Yellow Horse – Arapaho – 1872

    Big Mouth Hawk – Arapaho – 1872

    Osage man - 1875

    White Swan - Omaha - 1883

    Running Fox - Omaha - circa 1884

    Big Black Bear - Otoe - 1884

    Cannot Do It - Sauk & Fox - 1890

    Comanche man – 1891

    Inali - Kiowa - 1892

    Henry Red Eagle and son - Osage - 1893

    Osage men - no date

    Osage men - no date

    Osage man - no date

    Bushy Tail - Otoe - 1894

    Iron Man Coming - Otoe - 1895

    Frank Corndropper and Paul Buffalo - Osage - 1895

    Frank Corndropper, Paul Buffalo, and Pierce St. John - Osage - 1895

    Willie Gray Eyes - Sauk & Fox - 1896

    William Faw Faw - Otoe - no date

    Medicine Horse – Iowa – no date

    Ponca men - no date

    William Gray Eyes - Sauk & Fox - 1898

    Kiowa man - 1898

    Kau-Lay-Ty - Kiowa - 1898

    Kiowa man - 1898

    Jim Two Hatchet - Kiowa - 1898

    Comanche man – 1898

    Raises The Dust - Ponca - 1898

    Dust Maker (aka Pete Mitchell) - Ponca - 1898

    Dust Maker (aka Pete Mitchell) - Ponca - 1898

    Moni-Chaki (aka Thomas Cry) - Ponca - 1898

    Big Fox – Arapaho – 1898

    Starving Elk - Southern Cheyenne - 1898

    Omaha man - 1898

    Group of Omaha - 1898

    Gray Horn - Omaha - 1898

    Charley Mitchell - Omaha - 1898

    Henry Springer - Omaha - 1898

    Smoked Yellow - Omaha - 1898

    Mo-She-Wa-Ku-De - Omaha - 1898

    Howard Frost - Omaha - 1898

    Pawnee men - no date

    Jessee Kirk, Joseph Springer – Iowa – 1901

    George Michelle - Osage - 1905

    Brother of John Pipestem with wife - Otoe - 1906

    Favored Chief - Omaha - 1909

    George Michelle - Osage - 1910

    John Wood - Osage - 1910

    Osage men - 1912

    Anacona, George.
    1993. Powwow. Harcourt Brace, San Diego, CA.

    Ashworth, Kenneth Albert.
    1986. The Contemporary Oklahoma Pow-wow. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Oklahoma.

    Axtmann, Ann.
    1999. Dance: Celebration and Resistance, Native American Indian Intertribal Powwow Performance. Ph.D. dissertation. New York University, NY.

    Burton, Bryan.
    1993. Moving Within the Circle: Contemporary Native American Music and Dance. World Music Press, Danbury, CT.

    Callahan, Alice A.
    1990. The Osage Ceremonial Dance, I’n-Lon-Schka. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

    Catlin, George
    1841. Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs and Traditions of North American Indians. 2 Volumes, Tosswill & Myers, London, England. (Reprinted as Letters and Notes on the North American Indian. Ross and Haynes, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, 1965)

    Dorsey, George Amos
    1904-a. Traditions of the Skidi Pawnee. Memoirs, American Folk-lore Society, Vol. 8.
    1904-b. Traditions of the Osage. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL.

    Duncan, Jim.
    1997. Hethushka Zani: An Ethnohistory of the War Dance Complex. MA thesis. Department of Anthropology, Northeastern State University, Tahlequah, OK.

    Ellis, Clyde
    2003. A Dancing People: Powwow Culture on the Southern Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS.

    Feder, Norman.
    1957-a. Costume of the Oklahoma Straight Dancer. The American Indian Hobbyist Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 1.
    1957-b. Costume of the Oklahoma Straight Dancer. The American Indian Hobbyist Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 2.

    Fleming, Paula Richardson.
    2003. Native American Photography at the Smithsonian: The Shindler Catalogue. Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C.

    Fletcher, Alice C.
    1892. Hae-thu-ska Society of the Omaha Tribe. Journal of American Folk-lore, Vol. 5, No. 17.

    Fletcher, Alice C. and Francis LaFlesche.
    1911. The Omaha Tribe. Bureau of American Ethnology, 27th Annual Report 1905-06, Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

    Grinnell, George Bird
    1961. Pawnee Hero Stories and Folk Tales. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE.

    Heth, Charlotte, ed.
    1992. Native American Dance: Ceremonies and Social Traditions. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

    Howard, Dr. James H.
    1955. The Pan-Indian Culture in Oklahoma. The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 81, No. 5.
    1958. The Roach Headdress. American Indian Tradition Newsletter, Vol. 5.
    1965. The Ponca Tribe. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 195, Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
    1976. Ceremonial Dress of the Delaware Man. Special Issue, The Bulletin of the Archeological Society of New Jersey, No. 33, Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ.
    1983. Pan-Indianism in Native American Music and Dance. Ethnomusicology, Vol. 28, No. 1.

    Howard, Dr. James H. and Gertrude P. Kurath.
    1959. Ponca Dances, Ceremonies and Music. Ethnomusicology, Vol. 7.

    Johnson, Tim. Ed.
    1998. Spirit Capture: Photographs from the National Museum of the American Indian. Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C.

    Kavanagh, Thomas W.
    1992. Southern Plains Dance Tradition and Dynamics: Native American Dance Ceremonies and Social Traditions. National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution with Starwood, Washington D.C.

    Kinietz, Vernon.
    1940. Notes on the Roached Headdress of Animal Hair Among the North American Indians. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, Vol. 26.

    LaFave, Edward J.
    1998. Straight Dance Clothing: How to Dress a Straight Dancer. Whispering Wind: American Indian Past & Present Magazine, Vol. 29, No. 4, Folsom, LA.

    Sebbelov, Gerda.
    1911. The Osage War Dance. The Museum Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3.

    Smith, Jerry.
    1982. Straight Dance Clothes: Getting Them On. Moccasin Tracks Magazine, April Issue, LaPalma, CA.

    Stewart, Tyronne H.
    1968. Dressing a Straight Dancer. The Singing Wire Newsletter, February Issue.
    Last edited by Historian; 04-11-2009, 09:17 AM.

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